Turbochargers are fast cars with improved engines. The turbocharger engine was invented by Alfred J. Büchi and patented in 1905. A turbocharger is when an engine uses a pair of fans to harness waste exhaust from the back of an engine to produce more air into the front, creating speed and power. According to Automotive Training Centres, speed and power are the most exciting attractions about auto careers and car culture. Movies often portray super speed and power as the ultimate goal of a motor vehicle; regardless, turbocharged engines may not be all they are cracked up to be. Turbochargers have some incredible pros and some definite cons.
Pros—Turbochargers are supercars
- The most well-known advantage of a turbocharger is that the engine will produce a more quick and powerful drive.
- Cars have the capacity for much more top-end horsepower than the natural aspiration of an engine.
- Turbocharged engines predominantly run on exhaust gases that would otherwise be wasted.
- Turbochargers obtain more power from a smaller engine than from a typical engine.
- There is no need for upgrading the engine of a turbocharger.
- Turbochargers take up less space and cost less than a larger engine.
- Turbochargers can be used on any type of vehicle.
Cons—There is no such thing as a perfect invention.
- The most obvious drawback to a turbocharger is the money and time that must be put into it.
- Another con is that an automotive technician will likely have to be the one to soup up the engine.
- Some shifting of parts under the hood will have to be done due to the additional wiring and tubing of a turbocharged driving force.
- There is concern that turbocharging an engine may result in a considerable loss in fuel economy. (This is disputed by many car companies).
- With the claims of turbocharged vehicles delivering fewer miles per gallon, these engines are not helpful to the environment.
- The high pressures and temperatures of turbocharged engines are believed to cause parts to be replaced more frequently.
- Some people think that turbo cars are complicated to drive.
- Cool air enters the engine.
- A compressor squeezes and heats the air.
- The compressor blows the hot air outward.
- The compressed air is cooled when passing through the heat exchanger.
- This air helps burn fuel in a cylinder at a faster rate than with a non-turbocharged engine.
- Since there is more fuel burned there is more energy produced at a faster rate.
- The extra power from the energy is sent to the wheels through the pistons, shafts and gears.
- Wasted gases are exited through the exhaust outlet.
- Hot exhaust gases make the turbine fan rotate at a high speed.
- The spinning turbine causes the compressor to spin as well, and exhaust gas leaves wasting less energy than with a non-turbocharged engine.
It is fairly apparent that a motor vehicle producing fumes from their tailpipe causes air pollution, but what is less noticeable is that they are wasting energy in those exhausts. A turbocharger harnesses those wasted energies and uses them to create power making the vehicle move more quickly. According to EXPLAINTHATSTUFF! – a turbocharger is an easy way to produce extra power from the same engine.